Lee Richardson Zoo

Eurasian Collared Dove

Order: Columbiformes

Family: Columbidae

Scientific Name: Streptopella decaocto

 

DescriptionA large, pale gray-buff dove with a black collar. Approximate length 11.4-11.8 inches. Wingspan averages 13 inches. The tail is fairly long and blunt-ended. Juvenile: paler; buff fringes on feathers of the upperparts; black collar obscured or missing.


Home Range:  Most of Northern America, Europe, and Asia

 

Habitat Type:  Both urban and suburban settings with access to seed and grain sources. They avoid extremely cold temperatures.

 

Ringed neck turtle doveReproduction:  Eurasian collared-doves share breeding duties. Each pair will produce 2-3 broods per year, or up to 6 broods annually in warm souther climates. Each brood contains 3-5 eggs that must be incubated for 13-15 days before hatching. Both parents will incubate the eggs and tend the young during the 14-20 day fledging period.

 

Diet in the Wild: Seed and cereal grain such as millet, sunflower, milo, wheat, and corn. They also eat some berries and green parts of plants, as well as invertebrates.

 

Diet in the Zoo:  Scratch mix, soft-billed bird diet, and small bird maintenance

 

General Information:  Originally from Asia, spread westward and north to cover Europe. Introduced to the Bahamas in 1975 when several birds escaped from a pet shop in Florida and the owner then released approximately 50 birds which spread North West into Florida and then eventually covered most of the United States. Others were set free on the island of Guadeloupe when a volcano threatened eruption. The population is anticipated to increase and spread northward into Canada. Individuals are not known to return to breeding or wintering grounds, but individuals move great distances, thus enabling the species to quickly expand its range across North America. Eurasian Collared-Doves are one of very few species of birds that can drink “head down,” submerging their bills and sucking water as though drinking through a straw. Most birds must scoop water and tip the head back to let it run down into the throat.

 

Conservation Status:  Stable/expanding. Least concern, since the early 1980's this species ahs spread rabily and now live throughout most of North America

 

Predators:  Mainly cats and birds of prey

 

Resources

“Eurasian Collared Dove”. All About Birds. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Web. 27 January 2015. Mayntz Melissa. “Eurasian Collared Dove”. About Birding. 2015 About.com. Web. 27 January 2015. “Eurasian Collared Dove”. Animals, Birding. National Geographic. 2006. Web. 27 January 2015. Birds of Kansas. 2011. Thompson, Ely, Gress, Otte, Patti, Seibal, and Young. University Press of Kansas. pp 208.