Lee Richardson Zoo

Fire Bellied Toad

Order: Anura - Frogs, toads

Family: Bombinatoridae

Scientific Name: Bombina orientalis

 

Description:The back varies from brownish gray to bright green with large dark spots. The belly ranges from yellow to red with large dark spots. The pupil of the eye is triangular.



Home Range:  This species is found in NE China, throughout the Democratic People's Republic of Korea , the Republic of Korea, and in the Khabarovsk and Primorye regions in Russia. There is a small-introduced population of this species close to Beijing.

 

Habitat Type:  Inhabits lowlands to 500 meters – mixed coniferous and broadleaved forests, open meadows, river valleys and swampy bush lands. It breeds in slow moving streams, pools, paddy fields, ditches and other waterbodies. This species can adapt to modified habitats.

 

Reproduction:  Breed from May to August. The female may take many weeks to deposit all of her eggs. She deposits about 30 eggs each week until finished and may deposit as many as 250 eggs. Eggs hatch in about 2 months, and tadpoles usually metamorphose before autumn.

 

Diet in the Wild:  A variety of insects: beetles, flies, and ants; also worms and snails. Tadpoles mainly eat algae and plants. As they age they eat more

 

Diet in the Zoo:  Crickets. 

 

General Information:  During warmer weather active during the day in open areas. Hibernates from October to May, mostly on land in tree stumps, piles of stones, or leaves, but also on stream bottoms. Up to 6 toads may hibernate together, presumable to prevent water loss. Bright colors and distinct patterns remind predators that they are toxic. If attacked or threatened, fire-bellied toads will perform an arching back bend called the” unken reflex”; this maneuver exposes their brightly colored underbellies. .

 

Bibliography

Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia. 2nd edition. Volume 6, Amphibians. Edited by Mickael Hutchins, William E. Duellman, and Neil Schlager. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2003. Pgs. 83 – 87. Sergius Kuzmin, Li Pipeng, Masafumi Matsui, Vladimir Ishchenko, Irina Maslova 2004. Bombina orientalis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. . Downloaded on 27 November 2012.